A guide to the range of alliances and consortia targeting Internet of Things technology layers and industry verticals...
August 20, 2018
As wireless communication technologies proliferate and new user experience needs arise, industry players are realizing the need for consistent standards and broad interoperability to make the Internet of Things a seamless, connected ecosystem. A number of IoT-focused alliances and consortia have formed in recent years to meet the new needs of the IoT.
This Channel Guide will help you:
Better understand the various groups, their members, and their stated goals and offerings
Separate the groups based on their target technology layer or end marketing/educational goals
RFID Consortium "Comprised of numerous industry leaders involved with radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology. The goal of the RFID Consortium is to promote adoption of UHF RFID technology by offering all industry participants access to patents essential to practice the UHF RFID Standards announced by EPCglobal and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) at a reasonable cost."
NFC Forum "Was formed to advance the use of Near Field Communication technology by developing specifications, ensuring interoperability among devices and services, and educating the market about NFC technology." - NFC Spec
Dash 7 Alliance "A non-profit mutual benefit corporation formed to foster the existence and the further development of the DASH7 protocol specification (based on ISO 18000-7)." - Spec
Bluetooth SIG “The mission of the Bluetooth SIG is to strengthen the Bluetooth brand by empowering SIG members to collaborate and innovate, creating the preferred wireless technology to connect diverse devices." - IoT Page
Zigbee Alliance "The ZigBee Alliance is an open, non-profit association of approximately 400 members driving development of innovative, reliable and easy-to-use ZigBee standards. The Alliance promotes worldwide adoption of ZigBee as the leading wirelessly networked, sensing and control standard for use in consumer, commercial and industrial areas." - Specs
The ULE Alliance "Promotes the worldwide allocation and market adoption of the ULE technology, the leading control network eco-system for home and building use. ULE benefits from the maturity, existing supply chain, and install base of DECT" - DECT (PDF)
Wi-SUN Alliance "Seeks to advance seamless connectivity by promoting IEEE 802.15.4gTM standard based interoperability for global regional markets."
“The LoRa™Alliance Wide Area networks for Internet of Things was initiated by industry leaders with a mission to standardize Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) being deployed around the world to enable Internet of Things (IoT), machine-to-machine (M2M), and smart city, and industrial applications”
Founding Members: Neul, Landis+Gyr, Cable & Wireless, and ARM Total Members: 2031 (as of March. 2015) Annual Dues: Observer: Free Associate Member: £900 Core Member: £3500-£14000 Promoter:
License / Protocol / Certification: Protocol: Weightless-N License: For terminals and related products a royalty-free regime is used. For base stations a “Free, Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory” (FRAND) regime is in place.
Designed to operate in Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) spectrum. These sub-1GHz frequency bands - 868MHz in Europe, 900MHz in the US
Frequency hopping to provide best in class interference tolerance
Data Rates: Range from 100 kbps to 16 Mbps
Security: Weightless has adopted the shared secret key regime. This requires that a 'secret number' be held securely in both a Weightless controlled central server and in the edge device.
“The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.”
Membership: "There is no membership in the IETF. Anyone may register for a meeting and then attend. The closest thing there is to being an IETF member is being on the IETF or Working Group mailing lists"
Members: ISO is an independent, non-governmental organization made up of members from the national standards bodies of 163 countries.
Membership (PDF): ISO has one member per country. Full members, Correspondent members, Subscriber members: Fees are calculated using a unit value and by allocating a number of units to each member. Full member units vary according to economic importance (gross national income, exports and imports)
"SWG 5 concludes that the IoT is here now, not just a university challenge and that standardization will be an important part of the needs. The tremendous number of standards identified by AHG3, along with the recognition that this is only a fraction of the number, highlights what an important part that JTC 1 has to play.
Creating a reference architecture and providing a gateway for standards developed in the various JTC 1 committees will provide a massive benefit to the industry."
OGC "The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is an international industry consortium of 511 companies, government agencies and universities participating in a consensus process to develop publicly available interface standards. OGC® Standards support interoperable solutions that "geo-enable" the Web, wireless and location-based services and mainstream IT." - SensorThings WG
“OASIS is a non-profit consortium that drives the development, convergence and adoption of open standards for the global information society.”
"An open standard for passing business messages between applications or organizations. It connects systems, feeds business processes with the information they need and reliably transmits onward the instructions that achieve their goals."
“OMA is a non-profit organization that delivers open specifications for creating interoperable services that work across all geographical boundaries, on any bearer network. OMA’s specifications support the billions of new and existing fixed and mobile terminals across a variety of mobile networks, including traditional cellular operator networks and emerging networks supporting machine-to-machine device communication.”
Founding Members: Open Mobile Alliance was created by consolidating the efforts of the supporters of the Open Mobile Architecture initiative and the WAP Forum. In addition, the SyncML initiative, Location Interoperability Forum (LIF), MMS Interoperability Group (MMS-IOP), Wireless Village, Mobile Gaming Interoperability Forum (MGIF), and Mobile Wireless Internet Forum (MWIF) have consolidated into the Open Mobile Alliance. Total Members: 101 Annual Dues: Sponsor: $65,000 USD Full: $25,000 USD Associate: $5,500 USD Supporter: $600 USD Explorer: $650 USD Government: free of charge5
"OMA Lightweight M2M standard for Device Management, Network Mangement and Application Data for the Internet of Things. This new CoAP and DTLS based standard provides a complete system interface solution for M2M devices and services."
"The motivation of LightweightM2M is to develop a fast deployable client-server specification to provide machine to machine service.
LightweightM2M is principly a device management protocol, but it should be designed to be able to extend to meet the requirements of applications. LightweightM2M is not restricted to device management, it should be able transfer service / application data.
LightweightM2M implements the interface between M2M device and M2M Server. It provides a choice for the M2M Service Provider to deploy a M2M system to provide service to the M2M user."
“The Object Management Group® (OMG®) is an international, open membership, not-for-profit technology standards consortium.”
“The Forum's goals are to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify network implementation in the home and corporate environments. Toward this end, UPnP Forum members work together to define and publish UPnP device control protocols built upon open, Internet-based communication standards.”
ETSI "Produces globally-applicable standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), including fixed, mobile, radio, converged, aeronautical, broadcast and internet technologies" - IoT Focused Protocols including Low Throughput Networks (LTN)
“HyperCat is unified in its drive in enabling data discovery and interoperability.
The HyperCat Consortium aims to create an inclusive one-stop shop of best practice IoT implementation through the sharing of knowledge of processes and applications.”
"The AllSeen Alliance is a nonprofit consortium dedicated to enabling and driving the widespread adoption of products, systems and services that support the Internet of Everything with an open, universal development framework supported by a vibrant ecosystem and thriving technical community."
Founding Members: Electrolux, Haier,LG, Microsoft, Panasonic, Qualcomm, Sharp, Silicon Image, Sony, Technicolor, TP-Link Total Members: 100+ (As of Jan 2015) Membership Pricing: Premier $300k ($250k following years) Community Members ($5k-$50k depending on size)
Tech Coverage Discovery: Onboarding Message Routing: Security: Encryption & AES128) and authentication (PSK, ECDSA) Interoperability: Transport Layer Support: Agnostic - Supports physical layers that provide an IP stack -- WiFi, WiFi-Direct, Ethernet and Powerline. Support for Bluetooth LE, 6LowPan, ZigBee or Z-Wave using Gateway Agent API Reference
“The Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC), will define the connectivity requirements to improve interoperability between the billions of devices making up the Internet of Things (IoT).
The OIC will deliver a specification, an open source implementation and a certification program ensuring interoperability regardless of form factor, operating system, service provider or transport technology creating a "Network of Everything".
Platform Support: RTOS, iOS, Windows 8, Linux, Arduino, Android, Tizen, YoctoNotable Working Groups / Focus: Smart Home Protocol Control ManagerTech Coverage Discovery: Yes Message Routing: messaging/COAP Model Security: Uses open source project “tinydtls” Transport Layer Support: Agnostic API Reference
“Promote IP: As the universal, most resilient, and most secure infrastructure on which to base ever more critical connectivity. Carry on our core mission of “Internet Protocol enabling the Internet of Things.”
Founding Members: Arch Rock, Atmel, Cimetrics, Cisco, Duke Energy, Dust Networks, eka systems, EDF (Électricité de France) R&D, Emerson Climate Technologies, Ericsson, Freescale Semiconductor, Gainspan, IP Infusion, Jennic, Kinney Consulting, Nivis, PicosNet, Proto6, ROAM, SAP, Sensinode, SICS, Silver Spring Networks, Sun Microsystems, Tampere University, Watteco, Zensys Total Members: 45 (as of Jan. 2015) Annual Dues: Promoter (participate in leadership/governance): $5,000 Contributor: $2,500 Details: Governance
License / Protocol / Certification: Protocol: “The objective of the Alliance is not to define technologies, but to document the use of IP-based technologies defined at the standard organizations such as IETF”
"IPSO Smart Object Guidelines provide a common design pattern, an object model, that can effectively use the IETF CoAP protocol to provide high level interoperability between Smart Object devices and connected software applications on other devices and services."
“The purpose and goal of oneM2M is to develop technical specifications which address the need for a common M2M Service Layer that can be readily embedded within various hardware and software, and relied upon to connect the myriad of devices in the field with M2M application servers worldwide.”
Development organizations: ARIB (Japan), ATIS (U.S.), CCSA (China), ETSI (Europe), TIA (U.S.), TTA (Korea), and TTC (Japan). Additional contributing partners include: the BBF (Broadband Forum), Continua, HGI (Home Gateway Initiative), the New Generation M2M Consortium ‐ Japan, and OMA (Open Mobile Alliance). Total Members: 202 (As of March 2015) Annual Dues: - N/A
A set of 10 specifications, covering requirements, architecture, API specifications, security solutions and mapping to common industry protocols such as CoAP, MQTT and HTTP. oneM2M Release 1 also makes use of OMA and Broadband Forum specifications for Device Management capabilities.
"Continua is dedicated to establishing a system of interoperable personal connected health solutions with the knowledge that extending those solutions into the home fosters independence, empowers individuals and provides the opportunity for truly personalized health and wellness management."
Founding Members: BodyMedia, Cisco Systems, GE Healthcare, IBM, Intel, Kaiser Permanente, Medtronic, Motorola, Nonin Medical, Omron Healthcare, Panasonic, Partners HealthCare, Polar Electro, Royal Philips Electronics, RMD Networks, Samsung Electronics, Sharp, The Tunstall Group, Welch Allyn, Zensys Total Members: 200 (As of Jan 2015) Membership Pricing: Promoter: $20,000 Contributor: $6,500 Adopter: $1,000 for first and second year, then $3,000
License / Protocol / Certification: Protocol: Thread - A collection of existing IEEE and IETF standards License: RAND-RF terms Certification Details: N/A
Product Showcase: 2015 certification process begins
Platform Support: N/ADevice Support Limit: 250-300 Devices
Tech Coverage Addressing: DHCPv6 Message Routing: Security: Encryption (AES128) Interoperability: Transport Layer Support: 6LoWPAN as the foundation, Requires just a software enhancement for 802.15.4 products. Application Layer Support: CoAP and Smart Objects, Zigbee Smart Energy 2.0, Echonet LiteAdditional: Mesh Networking
Apple Homekit: "HomeKit is a framework in iOS 8 for communicating with and controlling connected accessories in a user’s home. You can enable users to discover HomeKit accessories in their home and configure them, or you can create actions to control those devices. Users can group actions together and trigger them using Siri."
Z-Wave Alliance "Z-Wave Alliance is comprised of industry leaders throughout the globe that are dedicated to the development and extension of Z-Wave as the key enabling technology for 'smart' home and business applications."
Platform Support: “The IIC does not adopt technical specifications or specify technologies to be used, but may from time to time recommend that particular standard-setting or specification-development projects be undertaken under the management and rules of Object Management Group (OMG) or other standards setting organizations.”Editors Note: OMG specs related to IoT include:
Modbus Organization "A group of independent users and suppliers of automation devices that seeks to drive the adoption of the Modbus communication protocol suite and the evolution to address architectures for distributed automation systems across multiple market segments."
ISA - International Society of Automation "A nonprofit professional association that sets the standard for those who apply engineering and technology to improve the management, safety, and cybersecurity of modern automation and control systems used across industry and critical infrastructure."
Connected Buildings / Lighting
"The Connected Lighting Alliance aims to promote the global adoption and growth of wireless lighting solutions by supporting open standards."
EnOcean modules combine micro-energy converters with ultra low power electronics and reliable wireless communications. This enables EnOcean customers to create self-powered wireless sensor solutions that are fundamental for efficiently managing energy in buildings and industrial applications.
The standard covers OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) layers 1-3, being the physical, data link and networking layers.
Total Members: 74 (as of Jan. 2015) Annual Dues: < 50 Million Euro Turnover: 1,920 Euro < 500 Million Euro Turnover: 4,800 Euro > 500 Million Euro Turnover: 9,600 Euro Individual: 1,200 Euro Promoter: 1,200 Euro Associated: 0 Honorary: 0
The M2M Alliance is your platform for business, communication and networking
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Take advantage of the opportunity to influence policy and the formulation of guidelines and standards
Achieve a competitive edge through International networking activities in a future market
“The mission of the IMC is simple: increase volume M2M deployments. The group will leverage the influence of its membership to reach out to Adopters of M2M technology and achieve this goal.”
Total Members: 25 (as of Jan. 2015) Annual Dues: Adopter Members: Free Sustaining Members: Fewer than 100 Employees £5,000 100-500 Employees £10,000 More than 500 Employees £15,000
"Awareness: promote M2M’s powerful application in verticals such as automotive, logistics, energy, healthcare, and public infrastructure – making M2M highly visible to Adopters.
Metrics: share benchmarks and best practices learned with use-case studies and focus groups, developing best-practice certifications and business-level standards.
Policy: ensure Solutions Providers and Adopters share a common view of the future, and present united objectives to regulatory bodies on issues like security and privacy.
Training & Education: establish professional curricula that will educate engineers and marketers, encouraging movement between M2M industry sectors.'
GSMA "The GSMA represents the interests of mobile operators worldwide, uniting nearly 800 operators with more than 250 companies in the broader mobile ecosystem, including handset and device makers, software companies, equipment providers and Internet companies, as well as organisations in adjacent industry sectors."